Piemonte (Piedmont) occupies most of northwestern Italy, bordering Switzerland in the north and France in the west and almost reaching the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and largest city is Turin (Torino). Piemonte does not have the tourist draws that some other Italian regions do, but it is renowned for its bucolic scenery and fine dining. In the wine world, Piemonte is best known for the twin titans of Barolo and Barbaresco, along with other popular red wines made from Barbera and Dolcetto, the white Gavi, and sparkling Asti. It has more DOCGs (19) than any other region and is tied with Toscana for most DOCs (41) (see maps on this page), but no IGPs. Wine production volume in 2022 was slightly below average at 2.4 million hl (26.8 million cases), leaning 60-40 toward red wines and with a stunning 94% at the DOP level. The region had 43,536 ha (107,500 acres) of vineyards registered in 2022. Its primary grape varieties are Barbera (31%), Moscato (22%), Dolcetto (13%), and Nebbiolo (10%).