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Asti DOCG

Region: Piemonte

Synopsis

History: Established as a DOC in 1967; became a DOCG in 1993

Vineyard Area: 8,236 ha / 20,343 acres (2019)

Production: 765,000 hl / 8,500,000 cases (2021)—59% spumante, 41% Moscato d’Asti

Principal White Grape Varieties:

Styles and Wine Composition

WHITE WINES
  • Moscato d’Asti (WhFrSw): 97% Moscato Bianco + other authorized aromatic white grapes
SPARKLING WINES
  • Asti or Asti Spumante (WhSp, WhSpSw): 97% Moscato Bianco + aromatic OAWG
  • Asti or Asti Spumante Metodo Classico (WhSp, WhSpSw): 97% Moscato Bianco + aromatic OAWG
DESSERT AND SPECIALTY WINES
  • Vendemmia Tardiva (WhFrSw): 97% Moscato Bianco + aromatic OAWG

Subzones

  • Canelli (Moscato d’Asti only, made with 100% Moscato Bianco)
  • Santa Vittoria d’Alba (all styles)
  • Strevi (all styles except Vendemmia Tardiva)

Significant Production Rules

  • 101196994-Asti cellarMetodo Classico wines must undergo a second fermentation in bottles; Asti Spumante and Moscato d’Asti are fermented in pressurized tanks or autoclaves (Martinotti method)
  • Moscato d’Asti cannot exceed 2.5 atmospheres of pressure
  • Minimum alcohol level: 4.5% for Moscato d’Asti (6.5% maximum; 11.0% potential, or 12.0% potential for subzones); 6.0% for Asti Spumante (11.5% potential); 6.0% for Metodo Classico (12.0% potential); 11.0% for nonsubzone Vendemmia Tardiva (14.0% potential); 12.0% for Santa Vittoria d’Alba Vendemmia Tardiva (15.0% potential)
  • Residual sugar: Minimum 4.5% potential alcohol (approx. 80 g/l or 8.0% residual sugar) for Moscato d’Asti; sparkling wines can range from pas dosé (zero dosage) to dolce
  • Aging: For Asti Spumante, minimum 1 month in the autoclave; for Metodo Classico, minimum 9 months on the lees (ERD approx. July 1, V+1); for non-subzone Vendemmia Tardiva, minimum 1 year after vinification (ERD approx. December 1, V+1); for Santa Vittoria d’Alba Vendemmia Tardiva, minimum 2 years (ERD January 1, V+3)

Last Disciplinare Modification:

10/09/2020

Notes:

Note: Prior to 2017, all fully sparkling Asti was required to be dolce, and the maximum alcohol level was 9.5%. From then until 2020, sweetness levels between extra dry and dolce were allowed, with a maximum alcohol level of 8.0%. Changes in 2020 opened the doors for all sweetness levels and removed the maximum alcohol level limit.

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