Puglia Puglia (Apulia) forms the heel of the Italian peninsula’s boot, running up the Adriatic coast to the boot’s “spur.” Its capital and largest city is Bari. As one of the least mountainous of Italy’s regions, located in the sun-baked south, Puglia is a major agricultural area, for grapes and wine as for other products. In the wine world, Puglia is still not well known, but as quality continually improves, its wines are attracting great interest. It has 4 DOCGs, 28 DOCs (see map), and 6 IGPs. In 2016, Puglia produced a bumper crop of 8.8 million hl (97.7 million cases) of wine, a big increase over 2015’s record harvest, keeping it firmly in second place among the regions in production (after Veneto). Its DOP production is just 9% of the total, with another 20% at the IGP level. The region’s primary grape varieties are Sangiovese (15%), Primitivo (14%), Negroamaro (14%), and Trebbiano (13%).