Puglia Puglia (Apulia) forms the heel of the Italian peninsula’s boot, running up the Adriatic coast to the boot’s “spur.” Its capital and largest city is Bari. As one of the least mountainous of Italy’s regions, located in the sun-baked south, Puglia is a major agricultural area, for grapes and wine as for other products. In the wine world, Puglia is still not well known, but as quality continually improves, its wines are attracting great interest. It has 4 DOCGs, 28 DOCs (see map), and 6 IGPs. In 2015, Puglia produced 7.9 million hl (88 million cases) of wine, a huge increase over 2014 that propelled it into second place among the regions in production (after Veneto). Its DOP production is just 8% of the total, with another third at the IGP level. The region’s primary grape varieties are Sangiovese (15%), Primitivo (14%), Negroamaro (14%), and Trebbiano (13%).