Toscana (Tuscany) is located at the top of the Italian peninsula on the west coast. To many people worldwide, Toscana is the quintessential Italy, and tourists flock here in droves for the majestic city of Florence (Firenze), the hill towns, the rustic yet regal villas in the countryside, and great food. In the wine world, Toscana is best known for red wines made from Sangiovese, especially Brunello di Montalcino and Chianti. It has 11 DOCGs and, in a tie with Piemonte, the most DOCs of any Italian region (41) (see maps on this page), plus 6 IGPs. Toscana’s annual wine output is relatively stable at 2.6 million hl (28.9 million cases), from 60,400 ha (149,200 acres) of vineyards. The region’s dominant grape variety is Sangiovese (66%), and it has the highest proportion of red wine of any region—87%. Almost two thirds of Toscana’s wine is at the DOP level, with nearly another quarter appearing as IGP Toscana.