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Chianti DOCG

Region: Toscana

Synopsis

Region:

History: Established as a DOC in 1967; became a DOCG in 1984

Vineyard Area: 13,800 ha / 34,086 acres (2019)

Production: 676,000 hl / 7,500,000 cases (3-year average)

Principal Red Grape Varieties:

Styles and Wine Composition

RED WINES
  • Rosso (Rd): Minimum 70% Sangiovese; maximum 30% OARG (maximum 15% Cabernet Franc and/or Cabernet Sauvignon); maximum 10% OAWG
  • Rosso from subzone Colli Senesi only (Rd): Minimum 75% Sangiovese; maximum 25% OARG (maximum 10% Cabernet Franc and/or Cabernet Sauvignon); maximum 10% OAWG
  • Superiore (Rosso)
  • Riserva (Rosso)
  • TerraElectae (proprietary designation used in subzone Rufina only—see note below)

Subzones and Other Geographic Terms

  • Colli Aretini
  • Colli Fiorentini
  • Colline Pisane
  • Colli Senesi
  • Montalbano
  • Montespertoli
  • Rufina
  • (proposed) Terre di Vinci

Note: Chianti Classico is a separate DOCG and not a subzone of the Chianti DOCG.

Significant Production Rules

  • The traditional Governo process of enriching the wine by allowing it to finish fermenting in contact with unfermented dried grapes is still permitted
  • Minimum alcohol level: 11.5% for non-subzone Rosso, Colli Aretini, Colline Pisane, and Montalbano; 12.0% for Colli Fiorentini, Colli Senesi, Montespertoli, and Rufina; 12.0% for Superiore and for non-subzone Riserva; 12.5% for Riserva from all subzones except Colli Senesi; 13.0% for Colli Senesi Riserva
  • Aging: For most Rosso, minimum approx. 4 months (ERD = March 1, V+1); for Rosso from Montespertoli, minimum approx. 7 months (ERD = June 1, V+1); for Rosso from Colli Fiorentini and Rufina and for Superiore, minimum approx. 10 months (ERD = September 1, V+1); for Riserva, minimum 2 years (ERD = January 1, V+3); for Riserva from Colli Fiorentini and Rufina, minimum 2 years, including 6 months in barrel (ERD = January 1, V+3); for Riserva from Colli Senesi, minimum 2 years, including 8 months in barrel and 4 months in bottle (ERD = January 1, V+3)

Last Disciplinare Modification:

08/08/2019

Notes:

Note: The Chianti Rufina consorzio has created the proprietary designation TerraElectae or TerrÆlectae (from the Latin terræ electæ, “chosen soils”), which is usable only by consorzio members for Riserva-level wines made from 100% Sangiovese grown in the Rufina subzone. Among the requirements for the term’s use, the wine must be aged for a minimum of 30 months, including 18 months in barrel and 6 months in bottle. The term is not an official part of the DOCG’s disciplinare.

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