Lazio (Latium) is located halfway down the western side of the Italian peninsula, between the Apennines and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Its capital and largest city is the national capital, Rome. With its millennia of history as one of the world’s most important cities, Rome is still the heart of Italy, and visitors to Lazio spend most of their time seeing the myriad monuments of the city. In the wine world, Lazio is best known for white wines such as Colli Albani, Est! Est!! Est!!!, and Frascati made in the local hills to supply Roman tables. It has 3 DOCGs, 27 mostly unfamiliar DOCs (see map on this page), and 6 IGPs. In 2022, Lazio produced a little more than 1.4 million hl (15.9 million cases) of wine on 20,400 ha (50,400 acres) of vineyards. White wine accounted for over 70% of its production, about half of which was at the DOP level. The region’s primary grape varieties are Malvasia (30%) and Trebbiano (28%).