Sicilia Sicilia (Sicily) is an island region—the largest island in the Mediterranean—which almost touches the Italian peninsula’s toe (Calabria). Its capital and largest city is Palermo. Tourists know Sicilia for the beaches and Greek ruins of the south and east coasts, and its cuisine is world famous. In the wine world, Sicilia was once best known for the dessert wine Marsala, although today it is more prominent for the dry wines of Etna, as well as its large volume of everyday drinking red and white wines. It has 1 DOCG, 23 DOCs (see map), and 7 IGPs. In 2015, Sicilia produced 5.6 million hl (63 million cases) of wine, returning to form after a disastrous 2014 harvest. The wine is still mostly IGP, but it has seen a strong surge at the DOP level, now up to a quarter of production (finally seeing the bump from IGT Sicilia’s rise to DOC status). The region’s primary grape varieties are Catarratto (34%) and Calabrese or Nero d’Avola (16%).