Sardegna (Sardinia) is an island region located west of the Italian peninsula across the Tyrrhenian Sea from Lazio and just south of the French island of Corsica. Its capital and largest city is Cagliari in the south. Tourists know Sardegna best for the trendy beaches of the Costa Smeralda on the northeast tip. In the wine world, Sardegna is best known for red wines made from Cannonau and white wines made from Vermentino. It has 1 DOCG, 17 DOCs (see map on this page), and 15 IGPs. Sardegna’s wine production fluctuates considerably from year to year, and 2020 was below average at 600,000 hl (6.7 million cases)—it had the lowest yield of any Italian region on its 26,709 ha (66,000 acres) of vines. More than two thirds of the region’s wine is at the DOP level, and it currently makes more white than red. The region’s primary grape varieties are Cannonau (35%) and Vermentino (28%).