Calabria forms the toe of the Italian peninsula’s boot, from the Strait of Messina northeast to the Gulf of Taranto. Its capital is Catanzaro and its largest city is Reggio di Calabria. In the wine world, Calabria is probably best known for the Cirò denomination. It has no DOCGs, 9 DOCs (see map on this page), and 10 IGPs. In 2020, Calabria produced just 280,000 hl (3.1 million cases) of wine, its lowest production in at least a decade. Three quarters of Calabria’s wine is red, with only around an eighth at the DOP level. There are 8,824 ha (21,800 acres) of vineyards as of 2020. The region’s primary grape variety is Gaglioppo (48%).