Sicilia DOC

SiciliaMay be produced anywhere on the island of Sicilia (see map)

100062250-Sicilian vineyardsSicilia

Region:
History: Upgraded from IGT to DOC in 2011
Vineyard Area: 9,338 ha / 23,065 acres (2014)
Production: 211,600 hl / 2,350,000 cases (2015)
Principal White Grape Varieties: Ansonica, Carricante, Catarratto, Chardonnay, Damaschino, Fiano, Grecanico Dorato, Grillo, Moscato, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc, Vermentino, Viognier, Zibibbo
Principal Red Grape Varieties: Alicante, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignano, Frappato, Merlot, Mondeuse, Nerello Cappuccio, Nerello Mascalese, Nero d’Avola (Calabrese), Nocera, Perricone, Petit Verdot, Pinot Nero, Sangiovese, Syrah
Styles and Wine Composition:
WHITE WINES
  • Bianco (Wh): Minimum 50% Ansonica (locally Inzolia), Catarratto, Grecanico Dorato, and/or Grillo + OAWG
  • Carricante (Wh): Minimum 85% Carricante + OAWG
  • Catarratto (Wh): Minimum 85% Catarratto + OAWG
  • Chardonnay (Wh): Minimum 85% Chardonnay + OAWG
  • Damaschino (Wh): Minimum 85% Damaschino + OAWG
  • Fiano (Wh): Minimum 85% Fiano + OAWG
  • Grecanico (Wh): Minimum 85% Grecanico Dorato + OAWG
  • Grillo (Wh): Minimum 85% Grillo + OAWG
  • Inzolia (Wh): Minimum 85% Ansonica + OAWG
  • Moscato Bianco (Wh): Minimum 85% Moscato Bianco + OAWG
  • Müller-Thurgau (Wh): Minimum 85% Müller-Thurgau + OAWG
  • Pinot Grigio (Wh): Minimum 85% Pinot Grigio + OAWG
  • Sauvignon (Wh): Minimum 85% Sauvignon Blanc + OAWG
  • Vermentino (Wh): Minimum 85% Vermentino + OAWG
  • Viognier (Wh): Minimum 85% Viognier + OAWG
  • Zibibbo (Wh): Minimum 85% Zibibbo + OAWG
  • Dual varietals (Wh): Many combinations of two of the above varieties are permitted, with a minimum of 50% of the first-named variety
  • Superiore (Bianco, Catarratto, Chardonnay, Grecanico Dorato, Grillo, or Inzolia)
  • Riserva (Bianco, Catarratto, Chardonnay, Fiano, Grecanico Dorato, Grillo, Inzolia, Sauvignon, or Viognier)
ROSATO WINES
  • Rosato (Ro): Minimum 50% Frappato, Nerello Mascalese, Nero d’Avola (aka Calabrese), and/or Perricone + OARG
  • Rosato Varietals (Ro): Minimum 85% Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Frappato, Merlot, Nerello Mascalese, Nero d’Avola, Perricone, Pinot Nero, Sangiovese, or Syrah + OARG
RED WINES
  • Rosso (Rd): Minimum 50% Frappato, Nerello Mascalese, Nero d’Avola, and/or Perricone + OARG
  • Alicante (Rd): Minimum 85% Alicante + OARG
  • Cabernet Franc (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Franc + OARG
  • Cabernet Sauvignon (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Sauvignon + OARG
  • Carignano (Rd): Minimum 85% Carignano + OARG
  • Frappato (Rd): Minimum 85% Frappato + OARG
  • Merlot (Rd): Minimum 85% Merlot + OARG
  • Mondeuse (Rd): Minimum 85% Mondeuse + OARG
  • Nerello Cappuccio (Rd): Minimum 85% Nerello Cappuccio + OARG
  • Nerello Mascalese (Rd): Minimum 85% Nerello Mascalese + OARG
  • Nero d’Avola (Rd): Minimum 85% Nero d’Avola + OARG
  • Nocera (Rd): Minimum 85% Nocera + OARG
  • Perricone (Rd): Minimum 85% Perricone + OARG
  • Petit Verdot (Rd): Minimum 85% Petit Verdot + OARG
  • Pinot Nero (Rd): Minimum 85% Pinot Nero + OARG
  • Sangiovese (Rd): Minimum 85% Sangiovese + OARG
  • Syrah (Rd): Minimum 85% Syrah + OARG
  • Dual varietals (Rd): Many combinations of two of the above varieties are permitted, with a minimum of 50% of the first-named variety
  • Riserva (Rosso, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Nero d’Avola, Petit Verdot, Pinot Nero, Syrah)
SPARKLING WINES
  • Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 50% Ansonica, Carricante, Catarratto, Chardonnay, Grecanico Dorato, Grillo, Moscato Bianco, Nerello Mascalese (vinified as a white wine), Pinot Nero (vinified as a white wine), and/or Zibibbo + OAG
  • Drier Spumante Varietals (WhSp): Minimum 85% Carricante, Catarratto, Chardonnay, Grecanico Dorato, Grillo, or Pinot Grigio + OAWG
  • Sweet Spumante Varietals (WhSpSw): Minimum 85% Moscato Bianco or Zibibbo + OAWG
  • Spumante Rosato (RoSp): Minimum 50% Frappato, Nerello Mascalese, Nero d’Avola, and/or Pinot Nero + OARG
  • Spumante Rosato Varietals (RoSp): Minimum 85% Frappato, Nerello Mascalese, Nero d’Avola, or Pinot Nero + OARG
DESSERT AND SPECIALTY WINES
  • Vendemmia Tardiva Bianco (Wh, WhSw): Same as Bianco, Catarratto, Chardonnay, Grecanico, Grillo, Inzolia, or Moscato Bianco (WhSw only)
  • Vendemmia Tardiva Rosso (Rd, RdSw): Same as Rosso, Nero d’Avola, Perricone, or Syrah
  • Passito Bianco (Wh, WhSw): Same as Bianco, Catarratto, Chardonnay, Grillo, or Moscato Bianco (WhSw only)
  • Passito Rosso (Rd, RdSw): Same as Rosso, Nero d’Avola, or Syrah

Significant Production Rules:
  • Spumante wines may undergo second fermentation either in bottles or in autoclaves
  • Minimum alcohol level: 0% for Zibibbo Spumante (10.5% potential); 6.0% for Moscato Bianco Spumante (11.0% potential); 11.0% for Vendemmia Tardiva (13.0% potential); 11.0% for white Passito (potential: 14.0% for varietals, 16.0% for Bianco); 11.5% for Bianco, most white varietals (except Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Grigio, and Sauvignon), and tank-method Spumante (except Moscato Bianco and Zibibbo) and Spumante Rosato; 12.0% for Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon, all Superiore wines, Rosato, rosato varietals, Rosso, red varietals, and metodo classico Spumante and Spumante Rosato; 12.0% for red Passito (potential: 17.0% for Rosso, 18.0% for varietals); 12.5% for all white riservas and Rosso riserva; 13.0% for red varietal riservas
  • Residual sugar: Most sparkling wines can range from brut nature (zero dosage) to extra dry; Moscato Bianco and Zibibbo are dolce only
  • Aging: No minimum aging is specified in the latest disciplinare, but this is probably an oversight that will be corrected later. Rosso riserva was formerly required to age for a minimum of 2 years (ERD = November 1, V+2).

Last Disciplinare Modification: 10/23/2015