Piemonte DOC

Encompasses most of the winegrowing areas of the Piemonte region

181421750-Langhe hills and vineyards477981209-Langhe hills and vineyards

Region:
History: Established as a DOC in 1994
Vineyard Area: 4,137 ha / 10,218 acres (2014)
Production: 260,500 hl / 2,894,000 cases (2014)
Principal White Grape Varieties: Chardonnay, Cortese, Erbaluce, Favorita, Moscato, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon Blanc
Principal Red Grape Varieties: Albarossa, Barbera, Bonarda, Brachetto, Cabernet Sauvignon, Croatina, Dolcetto, Freisa, Grignolino, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Pinot Nero, Syrah
Styles and Wine Composition:
WHITE WINES
  • Bianco (Wh, WhFr, WhSw, WhFrSw): Minimum 60% Chardonnay, Cortese, Erbaluce, and/or Favorita; maximum 40% OANWG
  • Chardonnay (Wh, WhFr): Minimum 85% Chardonnay + OANWG
  • Cortese (Wh, WhFr): Minimum 85% Cortese + OANWG
  • Moscato (WhSw): 100% Moscato
  • Sauvignon (Wh): Minimum 85% Sauvignon Blanc + OANWG
  • Dual varietals (Wh, WhSw): Chardonnay, Cortese, or Sauvignon Blanc: Maximum 85% of first-named variety; minimum 15% of second variety
ROSATO WINES
  • Rosato (Ro, RoFr, RoSw, RoFrSw): Minimum 60% Barbera, Croatina, Dolcetto, Freisa, and/or Nebbiolo + OANRG
177431561-Piedmont vineyards in winterRED WINES
  • Rosso (Rd, RdFr, RdSw, RdFrSw): Minimum 60% Barbera, Croatina, Dolcetto, Freisa, and/or Nebbiolo + OANRG
  • Albarossa (Rd): Minimum 85% Albarossa + OANRG
  • Barbera (Rd, RdFr): Minimum 85% Barbera + OANRG
  • Bonarda (Rd, RdFr, RdSw, RdFrSw): Minimum 85% Bonarda + OANRG
  • Brachetto (RoSw, RdSw): Minimum 85% Brachetto + OANRG
  • Cabernet Sauvignon (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Sauvignon + OANRG
  • Dolcetto (Rd, RdFr): Minimum 85% Dolcetto + OANRG
  • Freisa (Rd): Minimum 85% Freisa + OANRG
  • Grignolino (Rd): Minimum 85% Grignolino + OANRG
  • Merlot (Rd): Minimum 85% Merlot + OANRG
  • Pinot Nero (Rd): Minimum 85% Pinot Nero + OANRG
  • Syrah (Rd): Minimum 85% Syrah + OANRG
  • Dual varietals (Rd, RdSw): Barbera, Bonarda, Cabernet Sauvignon, Dolcetto, Freisa, Merlot, Pinot Nero, or Syrah: Maximum 85% of first-named variety; minimum 15% of second variety
  • Novello (Rosso, red varietals except Brachetto)
SPARKLING WINES
  • Spumante (WhSp, RoSp, RdSp): Any proportions of Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, and/or Pinot Nero
  • Brachetto Spumante (RdSpSw): Minimum 85% Brachetto + OANRG
  • Chardonnay Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Chardonnay + OANWG
  • Chardonnay-Pinot Spumante (WhSp): Maximum 85% Chardonnay; minimum 15% Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, and/or Pinot Nero
  • Cortese Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Cortese + OANWG
  • Pinot Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, and/or Pinot Nero; maximum 15% Chardonnay
  • Pinot Bianco Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Pinot Bianco; maximum 15% Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, and/or Pinot Nero
  • Pinot-Chardonnay Spumante (WhSp): Maximum 85% Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, and/or Pinot Nero; minimum 15% Chardonnay
  • Pinot Grigio Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Pinot Grigio; maximum 15% Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and/or Pinot Nero
  • Pinot Nero Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Pinot Nero; maximum 15% Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and/or Pinot Grigio
DESSERT AND SPECIALTY WINES
  • Bianco Passito (Wh, WhSw): Minimum 60% Chardonnay, Cortese, Erbaluce, and/or Favorita; maximum 40% OANWG
  • Rosato Passito (Ro, RoSw): Minimum 60% Barbera, Croatina, Dolcetto, Freisa, and/or Nebbiolo + OANRG
  • Rosso Passito (Rd, RdSw): Minimum 60% Barbera, Croatina, Dolcetto, Freisa, and/or Nebbiolo + OANRG
  • Moscato Passito (WhSw): 100% Moscato
  • Barbera Passito (RdSw): Minimum 85% Barbera + OANRG
  • Brachetto Passito (RdSw): Minimum 85% Brachetto + OANRG

459442487-SunsetSubzones:

  • Vigneti di Montagna, for those vineyards with a minimum average vineyard elevation of 500 m (1,640 ft) and a slope of at least 30%
  • Different growing regions are specified for different wine styles

Significant Production Rules:
  • Minimum vineyard elevation: 100 m (330 ft)
  • Grapes for Passito must be dried on or off the vine to achieve a minimum potential alcohol level of 13.0% or a minimum sugar level of 217 g/l; if labeled “vino di uve stramature,” the minimums are increased to 15.0% potential alcohol or 266 g/l sugar; if labeled “vino ottenuto da uve appassite,” the minimums are 16.0% potential alcohol or 272 g/l sugar
  • Spumante wines may undergo second fermentation either in bottles or in autoclaves
  • Minimum alcohol level (table wines, including frizzante): 5% for Moscato (7.5% maximum, 11.0% potential); 5.0% for Brachetto (11.0% potential); 10.0% for Bianco, Cortese, and white dual varietals; 10.5% for Chardonnay and Rosato; 11.0% for Sauvignon, Rosso, Barbera, Bonarda, Dolcetto, Freisa, Grignolino, and red dual varietals; 11.5% for Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Nero, and Syrah; 12.5% for Albarossa
  • Minimum alcohol level (spumante wines): 0% for Brachetto Spumante (11.0% potential); 10.0% for Cortese Spumante; 10.5% for most spumanti (except Brachetto, Cortese, and Rosso); 11.0% for Rosso Spumante
  • Minimum alcohol level (passito wines): 0% for Passito “ottenuto da uve appassite” (16.0% potential); 10.5% for standard Passito (13.0% potential); 12.0% for Passito “di uve stramature” (15.0% potential)
  • Residual sugar: Spumante can range from natural to demisec
  • Aging: For Freisa, minimum 4 months (ERD = March 1, V+1); for nonvarietal Passito and Barbera Passito, minimum 3 months (ERD = April 1, V+1); for Albarossa, minimum 12 months (ERD = November 1, V+1); for Moscato Passito and Brachetto Passito, minimum 12 months (ERD = January 1, V+2)

Last Disciplinare Modification: 12/29/2014