Basilicata Basilicata forms the arch of the Italian peninsula’s boot, running northwest from the Gulf of Taranto. Its capital and largest city is Potenza. In the wine world, Basilicata is not well known, producing less than 0.2% of the country’s total output. It has one DOCG, four DOCs (see map), and one IGP. In 2016, Basilicata produced 93,000 hl (just over a million cases) of wine, 82% of it red. The region’s primary grape variety is Aglianico (56%).