Friuli Grave DOC

Friuli Grave See Friuli–Venezia Giulia map, ref #7
Region:
History: Established as a DOC in 1970
Vineyard Area: 2,380 ha / 5,879 acres (2014)
Production: 135,100 hl / 1,500,000 cases (2014)
Principal White Grape Varieties: Chardonnay, Friulano, Gewürztraminer, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Verduzzo
Principal Red Grape Varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenère, Merlot, Pinot Nero, Refosco
Styles and Wine Composition:
WHITE WINES
  • Bianco (Wh): Any proportions of Chardonnay, Friulano, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, and/or Verduzzo Friulano
  • Chardonnay (Wh, WhFr): Minimum 95% Chardonnay + OAWG
  • Friulano (Wh): Minimum 95% Friulano + OAWG
  • Pinot Bianco (Wh, WhFr): Minimum 95% Pinot Bianco + OAWG
  • Pinot Grigio (Wh): Minimum 95% Pinot Grigio + OAWG
  • Riesling (Wh): Minimum 95% Riesling + OAWG
  • Sauvignon (Wh): Minimum 95% Sauvignon Blanc + OAWG
  • Traminer Aromatico (Wh): Minimum 95% Gewürztraminer + OAWG
  • Verduzzo (Wh, WhSw, WhFr, WhFrSw): Minimum 95% Verduzzo + OAWG
  • Superiore (all varietals)
  • Riserva (Bianco, all varietals)
ROSATO WINES
  • Rosato (Ro, RoFr): Any proportions of Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenère, Merlot, Pinot Nero, and/or Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso
RED WINES
  • Rosso (Rd): Any proportions of Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenère, Merlot, Pinot Nero, and/or Refosco
  • Cabernet (Rd): Minimum 95% Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and/or Carmenère + OARG
  • Cabernet Franc (Rd): Minimum 95% Cabernet Franc + OARG
  • Cabernet Sauvignon (Rd): Minimum 95% Cabernet Sauvignon + OARG
  • Merlot (Rd): Minimum 95% Merlot + OARG
  • Pinot Nero (Rd): Minimum 95% Pinot Nero + OARG
  • Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso (Rd): Minimum 95% Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso + OARG
  • Novello (Rosso)
  • Superiore (all varietals)
  • Riserva (Rosso, all varietals)
SPARKLING WINES
  • Spumante (WhSp): Any proportions of Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and/or Pinot Nero
  • Chardonnay Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Chardonnay; maximum 15% Pinot Nero; maximum 10% OAWG
  • Pinot Bianco Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 85% Pinot Bianco; maximum 15% Pinot Nero; maximum 10% OAWG
  • Pinot Nero Spumante (WhSp, RoSp): Minimum 95% Pinot Nero + OAWG

Note: The disciplinare specifies a 95% percentage for the varietal wines, but it also allows adding up to 10% must or wine from other similar-colored grapes from within the DOC, making the varietals potentially an 85% minimum of the stated variety.


Significant Production Rules:
  • Minimum alcohol level: 10.5%, except 11.0% for Novello and nonvarietal Spumante and 11.5% for Superiore
  • Residual sugar: Maximum 10 g/l (1.0%) for frizzante versions of Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and Rosato; 10–40 g/l (1.0–4.0%) for Verduzzo; spumanti can range from extra brut to demisec
  • Aging: For Riserva, minimum 2 years (ERD = November 11, V+2)

Last Disciplinare Modification: 11/30/2011