Group of unrelated varieties, of which the most significant are:

  • Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso: Rough tannins. Aromas & flavors: Dried red cherry, herbs, almond, flowers (lavender, geranium, violet). Best DOP: Friuli Colli Orientali DOC.
  • Refosco Nostrano: More acidic and less (but smoother) tannins. Aromas & flavors: Flowers (lavender, iris, rose), red licorice, spices (cardamom, cinnamon, marjoram).

In a nutshell

Alternative Names and Subvarieties: Malvoise, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, Refosco Nostrano (Refosco Grosso, Refoscone)

Best Known For: Red wines from the northeast

Where Grown: Almost exclusively in Friuli–Venezia Giulia (65%) and Veneto (33%)

Vineyard Area: 1,293 ha (3,194 acres)

Denominations that use this grape variety

Majority Component in One or More Wines of:

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