Top Fifteen Wine-Producing Countries

Chart of top wine-producing countries


The world saw a dramatic drop in production in 2017, due primarily to severe frosts that hit Italy, France, and Spain at just the wrong time in April, damaging buds on a large proportion of vines over a broad area. Almost every region in Italy saw damage from the frosts and later from a drought that exacerbated the problems. With the top three wine-producing countries experiencing double-digit declines in their harvest, global wine production fell to its lowest level this century. Fortunately, the damage was not so severe as to kill many vines, so the harvest should return to normal in 2018, if there is such a thing as normal anymore.

Italy was among the hardest-hit nations, with almost all regions suffering losses. The International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) estimates Italy’s wine production from the 2017 harvest to be off last year’s by 17% at just 42.5 million hectoliters, which could have dropped Italy to second or third in the global rankings if France and Spain had not been afflicted even worse. Germany, too, was down by 15%. In the New World, Argentina partially recovered from a poor 2016 harvest, and Australia was up 5%, while Chile continued to slide. The United States and South Africa were relatively stable.

(Volume in thousands of hectoliters; e.g., global production is around 250 million hl)

Country 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Italy
54,000
44,200
50,000
50,900
42,500
France
42,100
46,500
47,000
45,400
36,700
Spain
45,300
39,500
37,700
40,000
32,100
United States
24,400
23,100
21,700
23,600
23,300
Australia
12,300
11,900
11,900
13,000
13,700
Argentina
15,000
15,200
13,400
9,400
11,800
China
11,800
11,600
11,500
11,400
10,800
South Africa
11,000
11,500
11,200
10,500
10,800
Chile
12,800
9,900
12,900
10,100
9,500
Germany
8,400
9,200
8,900
9,000
7,700
Portugal
6,200
6,200
7,000
6,000
6,600
Russia
5,300
4,800
5,600
5,200
4,700
Romania
5,100
3,700
3,600
3,300
4,300
Brazil
2,700
2,600
2,700
1,300
3,400
Hungary
2,600
2,400
2,800
2,800
3,100
Rest of World
31,000
26,700
27,100
31,100
29,000
World
290,000
269,000
275,000
273,000
250,000

 

Note: 2017 data are estimated and are likely to change in future reports.

Source: OIV, March 2018


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