Top Fifteen Wine-Producing Countries

The International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV), the intergovernmental body that tracks wine and grape production worldwide, has released its initial estimates of the 2020 harvest. It calculates that global production will amount to 258 million hectoliters (give or take 4 million).

There had been speculation that 2020 would see disastrously low volumes, primarily due to the covid pandemic. The vines are unaware of the coronavirus, of course, but the year saw challenges involving the availability of vineyard workers, health-related concerns in wineries, slack demand, and a variety of supply chain issues. It now appears that 2020 will probably improve slightly on 2019’s 256 million hectoliters, although it will still be the fourth lowest volume in the past 20 years.

Italy is once again in its usual spot as the world’s largest source of wine, with an estimated production of 47.2 million hl, pretty much equal to 2019’s volume. The three other major wine-producing countries—France, Spain, and the United States—are all expected to exceed the previous year’s output.


(Volume in thousands of hectoliters; e.g., global production is around 256 million hl)

Country
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020P
Italy
50,900
42,500
54,800
47,500
47,200
France
45,400
36,400
49,200
42,100
43,900
Spain
39,700
32,500
44,900
33,700
37,500
United States
23,700
23,300
24,800
24,300
24,700
Argentina
9,400
11,800
14,500
13,000
10,800
Australia
13,100
13,700
12,700
12,000
10,600
South Africa
10,500
10,800
9,500
9,700
10,400
Chile
10,100
9,500
12,900
11,900
10,300
Germany
9,000
7,500
10,300
8,200
8,900
China
13,200
11,600
9,300
8,300
7,800
Portugal
6,000
6,700
6,100
6,500
6,500
Russia
5,200
4,500
4,300
4,600
4,700
Romania
3,300
4,300
5,100
3,800
3,600
New Zealand
3,100
2,900
3,000
3,000
3,300
Hungary
2,500
2,500
3,600
2,400
2,900
Rest of World
24,400
27,500
29,800
25,000
25,100
World
269,000
248,000
294,000
256,000
258,000

 

Note: 2020 data are preliminary and are likely to change in future reports.

Source: OIV, October 2020


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