Top Fifteen Wine-Producing Countries

Chart of top wine-producing countries


The world saw a dramatic drop in production in 2017, due primarily to severe frosts that hit Italy, France, and to a lesser extent Spain at just the wrong time in April, damaging buds on a large proportion of vines over a broad area. Almost every region in Italy saw damage from the frosts and later from a drought that exacerbated the problems. With the top three wine-producing countries experiencing double-digit declines in their harvest, global wine production fell to its lowest level this century. Fortunately, the damage was not so severe as to kill many vines, so the harvest should return to normal next year, if there is such a thing as normal anymore.

Italy was hurt worse than any other nation, with almost all regions suffering losses. The International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) estimates Italy’s wine production from the 2017 harvest to be off last year’s by 23% at just 39.3 million hectoliters, which could have dropped Italy to second or third in the global rankings if France and Spain had not been similarly afflicted. Germany, too, was down by 10%. In the New World, Argentina partially recovered from a poor 2016 harvest, and Australia was up 6%, while Chile continued to slide. The United States and South Africa were relatively stable.

(Volume in thousands of hectoliters; e.g., global production is around 247 million hl)

Country20132014201520162017
Italy
54,000
44,200
50,000
50,900
39,300
France
42,100
46,500
47,000
45,200
36,700
Spain
45,300
39,500
37,700
39,300
33,500
United States
24,400
23,100
21,700
23,600
23,300
Australia
12,300
11,900
11,900
13,100
13,900
Argentina
15,000
15,200
13,400
9,400
11,800
China
11,800
11,600
11,500
11,400
11,400
South Africa
11,000
11,500
11,200
10,500
10,800
Chile
12,800
9,900
12,900
10,100
9,500
Germany
8,400
9,200
8,900
9,000
8,100
Portugal
6,200
6,200
7,000
6,000
6,600
Russia
5,300
4,900
5,600
5,600
5,600
Romania
5,100
3,700
3,600
3,300
5,300
Brazil
2,700
2,600
2,700
1,300
3,400
Hungary
2,600
2,400
2,800
2,800
2,900
Rest of World
31,000
27,100
26,800
27,300
24,600
World
290,100
269,500
274,700
268,800
246,700

 

Note: 2017 data are estimated and are likely to change in future reports.

Source: OIV, October 2017


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