Basilicata forms the arch of the Italian peninsula’s boot, running northwest from the Gulf of Taranto. Its capital and largest city is Potenza. In the wine world, Basilicata is not well known, producing less than 0.2% of the country’s total output. It has one DOCG, four DOCs (see map on this page), and one IGP. In 2020, Basilicata produced only a little over 90,000 hl (1 million cases) of wine from 2,006 ha (5,000 acres) of vineyards, in both statistics being Italy’s third smallest region. Production is roughly evenly split among the DOP, IGP, and Vino levels, and 80% of it is red—second only to Toscana for reliance on red wines. The region’s primary grape variety is Aglianico (56%).