Valle d’Aosta (the Aosta Valley) is located in extreme northwestern Italy, bordering both France and Francophone Switzerland. Because of its proximity to France, Valle d’Aosta—or Vallée d’Aoste—often uses French terms in place of Italian ones. Its capital and largest town is Aosta. As Italy’s smallest and least populous region, most of it too mountainous for agriculture, Valle d’Aosta not surprisingly has by far the smallest wine production of any Italian region—just 21,000 hl (232,000 cases) from a mere 472 ha (1,170 acres) of vineyards in 2020—although its wines can occasionally be found on export markets. Interestingly, its production is almost 60% red. The region’s primary grape varieties are Petit Rouge (20%),Nebbiolo (12%), Pinot Nero (8%), Prié Blanc (8%), andFumin (7%). It has just one DOC (see map on this page), with no DOCGs or IGPs.