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Franciacorta DOCG

Region: Lombardia

Synopsis

History: Established as a DOC in 1967; became a DOCG in 1995

Vineyard Area: 2,958 ha / 7,306 acres (2019)

Production: 134,000 hl / 1,490,000 cases (5-year average)

Principal White Grape Varieties:

Principal Red Grape Varieties:

Styles and Wine Composition

SPARKLING WINES
  • Spumante (WhSp, WhSpSw): Minimum 50% Chardonnay and/or Pinot Nero; maximum 50% Pinot Bianco; maximum 10% Erbamat
  • Rosé/Rosato Spumante (RoSp, RoSpSw): Minimum 35% Pinot Nero; maximum 65% Chardonnay; maximum 50% Pinot Bianco; maximum 10% Erbamat
  • Satèn Spumante (WhSp): Minimum 50% Chardonnay; maximum 50% Pinot Bianco
  • Millesimato (Spumante, Rosé, Satèn)
  • Riserva (Spumante, Rosé, Satèn)

Significant Production Rules

  • Maximum vineyard elevation: 550 m (1,800 ft)
  • Grapes must be hand harvested and whole-pressed, without destemming, except for Pinot Nero that is to be used in Rosé
  • All wines must undergo a second fermentation in bottles (Metodo Classico), which cannot be started before February 1, V+1
  • Rosé can be made by blending red and white wines after fermentation
  • Satèn cannot exceed 5 atmospheres of pressure
  • Minimum alcohol level: 11.5%
  • Residual sugar: Spumante and Rosé can range from dosaggio zero (zero dosage) to demisec; Millesimato Spumante and Rosé can range from dosaggio zero to extra dry, and Riserva Spumante and Rosé from dosaggio zero to brut; all forms of Satèn can be only brut
  • Aging: For Spumante, minimum 18 months on the lees (ERD approx. August 1, V+2); for Rosé and Satèn, minimum 24 months on the lees (ERD approx. February 1, V+3); for Millesimato, minimum 30 months on the lees (ERD approx. August 1, V+3); for Riserva, minimum 60 months on the lees (ERD approx. February 1, V+6)

Last Disciplinare Modification:

08/04/2020

Notes:

Note: Due to the covid pandemic, machine harvesting was allowed for the 2020 vintage only.

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