Autochthonous

au·toch·tho·nous | adjective | \ȯ-ˈtäk-thə-nəs\ : indigenous, native; formed or originating in the place where found
These are grape varieties that originated in Italy or have taken on distinct characteristics after having been grown in Italy for centuries.

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Tai Rosso
Tai Rosso Tai Rosso is a genetic match with Garnacha of Spain (Grenache in France and many other countries), as are Alicante, Cannonau, and Vernaccia Nera, but all of them have developed in relative isolation for centuries. Light in color. Aromas & flavors: Floral, herbal.
Tazzelenghe
Tazzelenghe
Teroldego
Teroldego Darkly colored; soft tannins. Aromas & flavors: Red cherry, quinine, ink, tar, herbs. Best DOP: Teroldego Rotaliano DOC. Related to Pinot Nero.
Terrano
Terrano
Timorasso
Timorasso
Tintilia
Tintilia
Torbato
Torbato
Trebbiano
Trebbiano Grapes-TrebbianoProlific group of several unrelated varieties, all white. The only related ones are (1) Trebbiano Abruzzese and Trebbiano Spoletino and (2) Trebbiano di Lugana and Trebbiano di Soave (which are really Verdicchio). Primary varieties:
  • Trebbiano Abruzzese: The highest-quality Trebbiano (apart from the ones that are actually Verdicchio). High acidity. Aromas & flavors: White flowers, peach, citrus.
  • Trebbiano Toscano: The most planted type of Trebbiano. Same as Ugni Blanc, the grape of Cognac in France. High in acidity. Aromas & flavors: Generally neutral; can be delicately herbal and lemony.
Read more about the genetic relationships here.
Turchetta
Turchetta

Terrano

Torbato