Autochthonous

au·toch·tho·nous | adjective | \ȯ-ˈtäk-thə-nəs\ : indigenous, native; formed or originating in the place where found
These are grape varieties that originated in Italy or have taken on distinct characteristics after having been grown in Italy for centuries.

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Sagrantino
Sagrantino Italy’s most tannic grape variety. Aromas & flavors: Black fruit, herbs.
Sangiovese
BrunelloSangiovese Several biotypes, including Brunello, Morellino, Nielluccio, Prugnolo Gentile, Sangiovese Grosso di Lamole, Sangiovese Marchigiano, Sangiovese Montanino, Sangiovese Romagnolo. Light in color. Aromas & flavors: (In warmer areas) sweet red cherry, plum, herbs; (in cooler areas) sour red cherry, red berries, licorice, violet, tea; (with age) underbrush, leather, tobacco.
Schiava
Schiava Group of unrelated varieties, most significantly Schiava Gentile, Schiava Grossa, and Schiava Grigia—typically interplanted and blended together as “Schiava.” Light to medium bodied, pinkish, high in acid. Aromas & flavors: Intense strawberry, cherry, cranberry, almond, violet, red currant, pomegranate. Best DOPs: Lago di Caldaro DOC, Santa Maddalena subzone of Alto Adige DOC.
Schioppettino
Schioppettino
Sciascinoso
Sciascinoso
Scimiscià
Scimiscià
Semidano
Semidano
Spergola
Spergola
Susumaniello
Susumaniello

Schiava