Varieties – Alphabetical
The most recent official Italian survey of vineyards, performed in 2010, lists about 440 different grape varieties growing in Italy. But new varieties continue to be recognized, and as of 2016, the national registry of grape varieties cataloged 511 winegrapes. A lot of these are not grown in great quantity, but the diversity of grapes in nevertheless astonishing. Below is an alphabetical list of most of the significant varieties, including all varieties with more than 400 hectares (1,000 acres) planted or that feature in a DOP wine.
- Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso: Rough tannins. Aromas & flavors: Dried red cherry, herbs, almond, flowers (lavender, geranium, violet). Best DOP: Friuli Colli Orientali DOC.
- Refosco Nostrano: More acidic and less (but smoother) tannins. Aromas & flavors: Flowers (lavender, iris, rose), red licorice, spices (cardamom, cinnamon, marjoram).