Varieties – Alphabetical

The most recent official Italian survey of vineyards, performed in 2010, lists about 440 different grape varieties growing in Italy. But new varieties continue to be recognized, and as of 2016, the national registry of grape varieties cataloged 511 winegrapes. A lot of these are not grown in great quantity, but the diversity of grapes in nevertheless astonishing. Below is an alphabetical list of most of the significant varieties, including all varieties with more than 400 hectares (1,000 acres) planted or that feature in a DOP wine.

 

  1. ALL
  2. A
  3. B
  4. C
  5. D
  6. E
  7. F
  8. G
  9. H
  10. I
  11. J
  12. K
  13. L
  14. M
  15. N
  16. O
  17. P
  18. Q
  19. R
  20. S
  21. T
  22. U
  23. V
  24. W
  25. X
  26. Y
  27. Z
Gaglioppo
Gaglioppo Natural crossing of Sangiovese and Mantonico Bianco. Can have a red-orange color due to high level of unstable anthocyanins (cyanin and peonin). High in acid with rough tannins. Aromas & flavors: Red berries, citrus zest, minerals, underbrush.
Gamaret
Gamay
Gamba Rossa
Gamba Rossa
Garganega
Garganega Grapes-GarganegaOne of Italy’s greatest white varieties. Also one of its oldest, related to many other varieties (Albana, Catarratto, Marzemina Bianca, and Trebbiano Toscana, among others). Has many biotypes, including Grecanico Dorato. Steely, minerally, ageworthy. Aromas & flavors: White flowers, apricot, citrus, yellow apple, hay. Best DOPs: Soave DOC/G, Gambellara DOC, Bianco di Custoza DOC.
Gewürztraminer
Girò
Girò
Glera
Glera Two distinct but related varieties: Glera Tondo (the most common Glera) and Glera Lunga—both interplanted in vineyards and blended into Prosecco. High in acidity. Aromas & flavors: Buttercup, green apple, white peach. Best DOP: Conigliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco DOCG (esp. Cartizze subzone).
Grecanico Dorato
Grecanico Dorato A biotype of Garganega. Best DOP: Alcamo DOC.
Grechetto
Grechetto Two unrelated varieties: Grechetto di Orvieto and Grechetto di Todi (aka Grechetto Gentile or Rèbola). Todi is the better of the two, but both are often mixed in Grechetto wines. Light bodied; high in acidity. Best DOPs: Colli Bolognesi Pignoletto DOCG, Colli Martani DOC. Aromas & flavors: Lemon, white flowers, chamomile, lime, yellow apple, anise.
Grechetto Rosso
Grechetto Rosso
Greco
Greco Group of a dozen unrelated varieties, including some red ones. Most important:
  • Greco Bianco: Calabrian variety; reportedly same as Malvasia di Lipari. Best DOP: Greco di Bianco.
  • Greco: Campanian variety. Wines are full bodied, oily, tannic; deep yellow. Ageworthy. Aromas & flavors: Yellow flowers, honey, peach, pear, tropical fruit. Best DOP: Greco di Tufo.
Greco Nero
Greco Nero
Grignolino
Grignolino High in acidity and tannin; light in body and color (usually with an orange or garnet tinge). Aromas & flavors: Fresh flowers, red berries (cranberry), spices (white pepper), sometimes bitter almond. Best DOPs: Grignolino d’Asti DOC, Grignolino del Monferrato Casalese DOC.
Grillo
Grillo Crisp acidity. Aromas & flavors: Lemony, herbal; similar to Sauvignon Blanc. Best DOPs: Contea di Sclafani DOC, Alcamo DOC, Delia Nivolelli DOC, Monreale DOC. Crossing of Catarratto and Zibibbo.
Groppello
Groppello
Guardavalle
Guardavalle
Guarnaccia
Guarnaccia

Gamaret

Gamay

Girò

Glera

Greco

Grillo