Denominations by Quality Level

The lists below categorize the Italian wine denominations by their official quality level designation. The highest quality level in Italy, in principle, is Denominazione d’Origine Controllata e Garantita Denominazione d’Origine Controllata e Garantita or DOCG, of which there are currently 74 (Nizza DOCG became the first new DOCG in three years in December 2014). The second level is Denominazione d’Origine Controllata Denominazione d’Origine Controllata or DOC. There are 335 DOCs (including the newest, Delle Venezie DOC, approved in April 2017). European Union law allows Italian producers to continue to use these terms, but the EU officially considers both to be at the same level of Protected Designation of Origin or PDO—known in Italy as Denominazione d’Origine Protetta Denominazione d’Origine Protetta or DOP. Therefore, the DOP list below contains all 409 DOCs and DOCGs together. The quality level below this, which has less stringent requirements and therefore gives producers more leeway on how they make their wines, is called Protected Geographic Indication or PGI in English—Indicazione Geografica Protetta Indicazione Geografica Protetta or IGP in Italian. There are 118 IGPs. This level was traditionally called IGT for Indicazione Geografica Tipica Indicazione Geografica Tipica, and producers are allowed to use either term, IGP or IGT, on the label. Everything else that does not qualify for the DOP or IGP level, due to being produced outside an officially approved area or failing to follow the requirements mandated for wines of that area, is simply “wine” or vino.