Trentino DOC

Trentino See Trentino–Alto Adige map, refs #5 and #9

177398980-Trentino vineyards with Verla village in distance

Region:
History: Established as a DOC in 1971
Vineyard Area: 6,589 ha / 16,275 acres (2014)
Production: 307,900 hl / 3,421,000 cases (2015)
Principal White Grape Varieties: Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Moscato, Müller-Thurgau, Nosiola, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylvaner Verde, Welschriesling (Riesling Italico)
Principal Red Grape Varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenère, Lagrein, Lambrusco, Marzemino, Merlot, Moscato Rosa, Pinot Nero, Rebo, Schiava, Teroldego
Styles and Wine Composition:
WHITE WINES
  • Bianco (Wh): Minimum 80% Chardonnay and/or Pinot Bianco; maximum 20% Manzoni Bianco, Müller-Thurgau, and/or Sauvignon Blanc
  • Bianco from subzone Sorni only (Wh): Any proportions of Chardonnay, Müller-Thurgau, Nosiola, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, and/or Sylvaner Verde
  • Bianco Superiore (Wh): Minimum 85% Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and/or Pinot Grigio; maximum 15% Manzoni Bianco, Gewürztraminer, Riesling, and/or Sauvignon Blanc
  • Chardonnay (Wh): Minimum 85% Chardonnay + OANWG
  • Moscato Giallo (Wh, WhSw): Minimum 85% Moscato Giallo + OANWG
  • Müller-Thurgau (Wh): Minimum 85% Müller-Thurgau + OANWG
  • Nosiola (Wh): Minimum 85% Nosiola + OANWG
  • Pinot Bianco (Wh): Minimum 85% Pinot Bianco + OANWG
  • Pinot Grigio (Wh): Minimum 85% Pinot Grigio + OANWG
  • Riesling Italico (Wh): Minimum 85% Welschriesling + OANWG
  • Riesling Renano (Wh): Minimum 85% Riesling + OANWG
  • Sauvignon (Wh): Minimum 85% Sauvignon Blanc + OANWG
  • Traminer Aromatico (Wh): Minimum 85% Gewürztraminer + OANWG
  • Dual varietals (Wh): Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, or Sauvignon Blanc: 50–75% of first-named variety; 25–50% of other variety
  • Superiore (all white wines except Riesling Italico and dual varietals; no Riserva)
  • Riserva (Bianco, Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Riesling Renano, Sauvignon)
ROSATO WINES
  • Rosato or Kretzer (Ro): Any proportions of Lagrein, Lambrusco a Foglia Frastagliata (locally Enantio), Schiava, and/or Teroldego (maximum 70% of any one variety)
  • Lagrein or Lagrein Kretzer (Ro): Minimum 85% Lagrein + OANRG
RED WINES
  • Rosso (Rd): Any proportions of Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenère, and/or Merlot
  • Rosso from subzone Sorni only (Rd): Any proportions of Lagrein, Schiava, and/or Teroldego
  • Rosso Superiore (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenère, and/or Merlot; maximum 15% Lagrein and/or Rebo
  • Cabernet (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and/or Carmenère + OANRG
  • Cabernet Franc (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Franc + OANRG
  • Cabernet Sauvignon (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Sauvignon + OANRG
  • Lagrein or Lagrein Dunkel (Rd): Minimum 85% Lagrein + OANRG
  • Marzemino (Rd): Minimum 85% Marzemino + OANRG
  • Merlot (Rd): Minimum 85% Merlot + OANRG
  • Moscato Rosa or Moscato delle Rose (RdSw): Minimum 85% Moscato Rosa + OANRG
  • Pinot Nero (Rd): Minimum 85% Pinot Nero + OANRG
  • Rebo (Rd): Minimum 85% Rebo + OANRG
  • Schiava (Ro, Rd): Minimum 85% Schiava Gentile, Schiava Grigia, and/or Schiava Grossa + OANRG
  • Schiava Gentile (Ro, Rd): Minimum 85% Schiava Gentile + OANRG
  • Dual varietals (Rd): Cabernet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Lagrein, or Merlot: 50–75% of first-named variety; 25–50% of other variety (“Cabernet” can mean any proportions of Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, and/or Carmenère)
  • Superiore (all red wines except dual varietals; no Riserva)
  • Riserva (Rosso, Cabernet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Nero, Lagrein, Marzemino, Rebo)
DESSERT AND SPECIALTY WINES
  • Moscato Giallo Liquoroso (WhFoSw): Minimum 85% Moscato Giallo + OANWG
  • Moscato Rosa Liquoroso (RdFoSw): Minimum 85% Moscato Rosa + OANRG
  • Vino Santo (WhSw): Minimum 85% Nosiola + OANWG
  • Superiore (Vino Santo)
  • Superiore Vendemmia Tardiva Bianco (WhSw): Any proportions of Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Moscato Giallo, Moscato Rosa, Müller-Thurgau, Nosiola, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and/or Sauvignon Blanc (can be varietally labeled if 85% of one of those varieties)
  • Superiore Vendemmia Tardiva Rosso (RdSw): Primarily Moscato Rosa, with any proportions of Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, Moscato Giallo, Müller-Thurgau, Nosiola, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Riesling, and/or Sauvignon Blanc (can be varietally labeled if 85% Moscato Rosa)
  • Superiore Passito from subzone Castel Beseno only (Wh, WhSw): Minimum 85% Moscato Giallo + OANWG

Subzones:

  • Castel Beseno or Beseno (Moscato Giallo Superiore, Passito, and Vendemmia Tardiva only)
  • Isera (Marzemino Superiore only)
  • Sorni (Bianco and Rosso only)
  • Valle di Cembra or Cembra (Müller-Thurgau, Riesling Renano, Pinot Nero, Schiava, and Schiava Gentile only)
  • Ziresi (Marzemino Superiore only)

Significant Production Rules:
  • Vineyard elevation: Various limitations apply to different grape varieties for Superiore only
  • Grapes for Vino Santo must be dried on or off the vine to achieve a minimum potential alcohol level of 16.0% and cannot be pressed before February 1, V+1; those for Vino Santo Superiore cannot be pressed before March 1, V+1
  • Grapes for Superiore Vendemmia Tardiva must be left to dry on the vine to achieve a minimum sugar level of 250 g/l (25.0%)
  • Minimum alcohol level (Trentino): 10.0% for Vino Santo (16.0% potential); 10.5% for Nosiola and Riesling Italico; 11.0% for Bianco, Sorni Bianco, Chardonnay, Moscato Giallo, Müller-Thurgau, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Riesling Renano, Sauvignon, dual white varietals, Rosato, Sorni Rosso, Cabernet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Lagrein, Marzemino, Merlot, Rebo, Schiava, Schiava Gentile, and dual red varietals; 11.5% for Traminer Aromatico, Rosso, Pinot Nero, and all riservas except Rosso and Pinot Nero; 12.0% for Rosso Riserva and Pinot Nero Riserva; 15.0% (potential) for Moscato Rosa
  • Minimum alcohol level (Trentino Superiore): 11.0% for Moscato Rosa, Vendemmia Tardiva, and Castel Beseno Passito (15.0% potential); 11.0% for Vino Santo (18.0% potential); 11.5% for Schiava and Schiava Gentile; 12.0% for Nosiola, Moscato Giallo, Müller-Thurgau, and Riesling Renano; 12.5% for Bianco, Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon, Traminer Aromatico, Rosso, and red varietals except Moscato Rosa and the Schiavas
  • Aging (Trentino): For Rosso, Cabernet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Lagrein, Merlot, and Pinot Nero, minimum approx. 4 months (ERD = March 1, V+1); for white riservas, minimum 1 year (ERD = November 1, V+1); for red riservas, minimum 2 years (ERD = November 1, V+2); for Vino Santo, minimum approx. 3 years (ERD = November 1, V+3)
  • Aging (Trentino Superiore): For Moscato Giallo, Müller-Thurgau, Nosiola, Schiava, and Schiava Gentile, minimum 4 months (ERD = March 1, V+1); for other white varietals, Marzemino, and Moscato Rosa, minimum 10 months (ERD = September 1, V+1); for Bianco, Valle di Cembra Riesling Renano, Pinot Nero, and Vendemmia Tardiva, minimum 12 months (ERD = November 1, V+1); for Rosso, Cabernet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Lagrein, Merlot, and Rebo, minimum 22 months (ERD = September 1, V+2); for Vino Santo, minimum 48 months (ERD = November 1, V+4)

Last Disciplinare Modification: 07/26/2016

Note: Trentino Superiore is essentially a DOC within a DOC, applying to the same region and most of the same grapes and wines, but with different, generally more stringent, requirements.