San Gimignano DOC

San Gimignano See Toscana (historic center) map, ref #15
Region:
History: Established as a DOC in 1996
Vineyard Area: 43 ha / 106 acres (2014)
Production: 405 hl / 4,500 cases (2014)
Principal White Grape Varieties: Malvasia, Trebbiano
Principal Red Grape Varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Nero, Sangiovese, Syrah
Styles and Wine Composition:
ROSATO WINES
  • Rosato (Ro): Minimum 50% Sangiovese; maximum 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Nero, and/or Syrah; maximum 15% OANRG
RED WINES
  • Rosso (Rd): Minimum 50% Sangiovese; maximum 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Nero, and/or Syrah; maximum 15% OANRG
  • Cabernet Sauvignon (Rd): Minimum 85% Cabernet Sauvignon + OANRG
  • Merlot (Rd): Minimum 85% Merlot + OANRG
  • Pinot Nero (Rd): Minimum 85% Pinot Nero + OANRG
  • Sangiovese (Rd): Minimum 85% Sangiovese + OANRG
  • Syrah (Rd): Minimum 85% Syrah + OANRG
  • Riserva (Rosso, red varietals)
DESSERT AND SPECIALTY WINES
  • Vin Santo (Wh, WhSw): Minimum 30% Trebbiano Toscano; maximum 50% Malvasia del Chianti; maximum 20% Vernaccia; maximum 10% OAWG
  • Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice (Ro, RoSw): Minimum 50% Sangiovese + OAG

Significant Production Rules:
  • Maximum vineyard elevation: 500 m (1,640 ft)
  • For Vin Santo and Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice, grapes must be dried on or off the vine to achieve a minimum sugar level of 270 g/l (27.0%) and can be pressed only between December 1, V, and March 31, V+1
  • Minimum alcohol level: 11.5% for Rosato; 12.0% for Rosso and red varietals; 12.5% for Riserva; 14.5% for Vin Santo and Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice (16.5% potential)
  • Residual sugar: Maximum 4 g/l (0.4%) for Rosso; maximum 6 g/l (0.6%) for Rosato
  • Aging: For Rosato, minimum approx. 2 months (ERD = January 1, V+1); for Rosso and red varietals, minimum approx. 5 months (ERD = April 1, V+1); for Riserva, minimum 24 months, including 7 months in barrel and 3 months in bottle (ERD = January 1, V+3); for Vin Santo and Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice, minimum approx. 3 years in barrel (ERD = November 1, V+3)

Last Disciplinare Modification: 11/30/2011